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The Everyone Graduates Center and City Year

Connecting Social-Emotional Development, Academic Achievement and On-Track Outcomes.

Download the 2022 overview Download the 2020 overview

Advancing student academic outcomes

City Year’s research with The Everyone Graduates Center provides strong evidence that City Year’s holistic approach to providing school-based interventions is successful in advancing student social, emotional and academic outcomes in public schools, specifically schools that predominantly serve students of color and students from low-income families.

2022 Key Findings:

  • Students who worked with an AmeriCorps member for two years experienced significant gains in academic, social-emotional, and attendance outcomes.
  • Students who worked with an AmeriCorps member serving as a Student Success Coach during SY 17-18, but did not work with an SSC in SY 18-19, still had stronger outcomes in ELA and attendance at the end of the 18-19 school year.
  • For mathematics, higher levels of support received in 2017-18 were not still related to higher math course grades one year later in 2018-19, but students who’d received the median amount of support in math were still 8% less likely to be ‘off-track’ in math class one year later.
  • There is a statistically significant, consistent relationship between student social-emotional skills and academic outcomes, with an enhanced impact in the ninth grade. The study found that making gains in social-emotional skills is like gaining an entire school year of achievement growth in math or English for students in grades 3-10. ​
  • More time spent with a City Year AmeriCorps member is associated with improvements in social, emotional, academic, and attendance outcomes.
  • Greater impact is seen when social-emotional skills are integrated into academic interventions, such as incorporating goal-directed behavior while building math and English Language Arts (ELA) skills. Time spent with an AmeriCorps member in math or ELA had direct impact on those areas and also significant indirect impacts by improving social-emotional outcomes.​

2020 Key Findings:

  • In the 2020 EGC report, results for DESSA scores found statistically significant and consistent relationships between students’ social-emotional skills, as recorded by the DESSA, and their academic outcomes.EGC Study Cover Image
  • The results were highly significant across all outcomes, and across all sub-score areas.
  • The DESSA competency areas that more strongly relate to student outcomes are Personal Responsibility and Goal-Directed Behavior, followed by Self-Management and Decision Making. However, in general, the composite measure for the entire SEL scale is stronger than the individual competency domains

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